Vineyard Canopy Management(selected excerpts)
The vine’s canopy refers to all vegetative and reproductive plant parts that are above-ground—trunk, cordons, canes, spurs, shoots, fruit, and leaves. The management of canopies involves manipulating these components in order to achieve some desired effect in the canopy microclimate such as maximize sunlight interception, ameliorate the balance between vegetative and reproductive growth, reduce the incidence of diseases, facilitate mechanization, and improve fruit composition varietal character. Canopy management techniques include shoot thinning, shoot positioning, hedging, leaf removal, and cluster thinning.
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